Fountain County Courthouse Murals
Mural Tour (Desktop Version)
North Wall First Floor

PIONEER SETTLEMENT

This beautiful mural displays the life of our early residents as they became settled in their new homeland. These pioneers had to rely on the materials native to this frontier to build their hoems and comforts.

The pioneer house was made from squared logs with dovetailed ends at the corners of the cabin. The cracks were chinked with native clay.  Squared wooden pegs were used, later replaced by nails from the blacksmith. The fireplace and lower foundation of the chimney were made of rock. The flue was made of short sticks, and then cemented with more clay. Ashes were saved to make lye soap. The summer kitchen was a three-legged iron pot over a fire outdoors. Heavy hauling required the strength of the oxen, while horses proved speedier transportation.

Schuyler LaTourette is shown at the Jarez lom of his parents’ that turned out widely acclaimed and prized coverlets. John and Sarah LaTourette immigrated from New Jersey, bringing he waver’s trade with them. At an early age, Schuyler LaTourette and his brothers and sisters helped in the family trade. The yarn and thread were made on the spinning wheel; the coverlets and homespun were woven on the loom.

The itinerant cobbler made and repaired shoes. The pioneer mother knitted stockings for her family in her few spare moments of the day, and then again at night by flickering light of a candle.

*Architect Louis Johnson planned the building with the intention that the walls of the atrium would be used for murals as suggested in a speech given by Wilbur Peat of the John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis.